Tropical cultures: South America: traditional: tribes, Hoti. Eñepa. Assurini, rural Brazil
Traditional life in Latin America: semi-nomadic Indians of Venezuela: Hoti, Eñepa (Panare) sowing their daily activities (subsistence: hunting, collecting, slash-and-burn horticulture) andtheir displacements in the forest and savanna. Assurini shamanic ceremony in Brazil. Rural Brazil: small farmers in the cerrado (savanna region) of the Brazilian Highlands; riverside dwellers in the Amazon region. Cattle ranching, collecting of rubber and balata latex. Native people in Bolivia, Peru and Chile; deforestation in Peru; dweller of stilt houses on Lake Maracaibo (Venezuela) paddling his fishing boat.
41 imagesSouth American tropical rainforest indigenous people: Venezuela: Portraits, Indians in rainforest of the Guiana Highlands, human interactions with the tropical rainforest, daily subsistence activities, use of natural forest products, slash-and-burn agriculture, native cultivar biodiversity, cutting up hunted meat, fire making, bamboo used for blowguns. The Hoti (Hodi) language seems to be related to Piaroa, of the Sálive linguistic family (recently amplified to the Macro-Daha family They are semi-nomadic. The Hoti live in the forest at the foot of the Maigualida mountains live in small bands averaging about 15 individuals each. Each band may have 2 or 3 "permanent" houses, and several temporary camps scattered in the forest. Subsistence is based on slash-and-burn horticulture (main crops: plantain bananas, maize, sweet potatoes) and foraging: hunting (spear for big game such as peccary and tapir, blowgun for monkeys and birds); and collecting of forest products such as wild fruits(inclusive from palm trees) and honey. They move frequently from one location to another, according to the local availability of a mature crop, of ripe wild fruit or of game. The Hoti trade the bamboo from which the inner tube of the blowgun is made to the Eñepa (Panare), who live closer to a savanna region, and have occasional contact with the Venezuelan population, in exchange from metal tools. Anthropologists Stanford and Egleé Zent have focused their studies on the ecological relationship of the Hoti with nature, while Robert Storrie studied their social organization and cosmology.
14 imagesIndigenous people in South American tropical rainforest and savanna: Venezuela: Portraits, Indians of the Guiana Highlands, human interactions with the environment, daily activities, use of natural forest products, slash-and-burn agriculture, native cultivar biodiversity. The Eñepa (Panare) belong to the Carib linguistic family. They are semi-nomadic. They trade the metal tools and curare with the Hoti for the bamboo from which the inner tube of the blowgun. The Eñepa live close to a savanna region, and have occasional contact with the Venezuelan population in exchange from metal tools. Paul Henley studied the Panare (Eñepa).
4 imagesYabarana Indian woman using tipiti ti squeeze bitter manioc. (Carib-speaking) Piaroa (Wothiha) Indians: traditional house, woman making a manioc grater.
4 imagesIndigenous people in South American tropical rainforest: Brazil: Amazon rainforest: shamanism curing ceremony: Assurini shamans "extracting" cause of disease from sick baby. MORE PICTURES WILL BE ADDED.
44 images; Pictures of rural Brazil: Brazilian Highlands life: peasants called caipiras living from subsistence farming and ranching in remote regions in mountainous area: farm family, adults, teenagers, children; horse, mule, cattle; adobe farm house, bus on dirt road; sugar cane plantation with ethanol processing plant; cattle.. Amazon region: girl carrying baby, riverside dwellings, canoe transportation, slash-and-burn fire, cattle ranching. Rubber coagualation by smoke; balata collecting; canoe procession on river in rainforest. Coast: fishing boats, chilren.